Winter can be one of the most beautiful times of the year to go camping or backpacking. For those less experienced with winter camping, the idea of braving the cold can be daunting, but with a little preparation and a few tricks winter camping can be an epic adventure. We've gathered 11 of our favorite tips and tricks that have helped us stay warm and happy on many winter camping and backpacking trips.
We are big fans of solo backpacking and the chance it offers for solitude and reflection. However, for winter adventures it is best to bring a friend. The added element of cold means that the unexpected can become life-threatening much more quickly than in summer months. You should also be sure to give a detailed itinerary to someone you trust, with an expected return time and instructions to send help if you are past due. Make sure to check the weather, avalanche reports, and avoid areas where avalanches could occur unless you have the proper equipment and training.
A blanket of winter snow can make even a familiar trail look foreign. Be sure everyone in your group has a map and is familiar with backcountry navigation. We highly recommend bringing a GPS with extra batteries (lithium batteries work best at cold temperatures). If you lose the trail your GPS and map can help you get back on track.
Warning: Do not simply follow the tracks of another hiker. They may not lead to your destination.
Be sure to pack enough layers and clothing to stay warm. Feeling cold can be miserable, not to mention the risk of hypothermia and frostbite, so pack more than you think you need. You should dress in 3 layers: a base, a mid, and outer. While hiking you can take off a layer as needed so you don't overheat and start to sweat. Then when you take a break or get to camp put back on a layer to stay warm as your body cools down.
Invest in a pair of insulated winter boots and extra warm heavyweight merino wool socks. Make sure that your insulated boots are waterproof and fit a little looser than your summer hiking boots. You want to have room for thicker winter socks, or for doubling up a couple pairs of hiking socks for warmth. Lastly, bring extra pairs, just in case your feet get wet.
Pro-Tip: If your boots have a removable liner or insole, remove them and sleep with them in your sleeping bag. If not, place your boots in a waterproof bag and sleep with the bag at the bottom of your sleeping bag. Stuffing your feet into frozen boots in the morning is miserable.
No, not that kind of sled, but a sled that can carry your gear. One of the great things about backpacking in the snow is being able to carry less gear on your back. Combine a sled with a pair of cross-country skis or snowshoes and you are ready to cover some serious ground in the snow.
Before you set up camp, be sure the area is free of avalanche danger, then pack down an area of snow big enough for your tent and gear. If you are wearing snowshoes or skis it will be fastest to use them to stomp the snow until it is compact. This will make your camp easier to walk around, keep your gear dryer, and prevent uncomfortable depressions from forming under your tent.
Pro Tip: After compacting the snow, wait 20-30 minutes and the compact area will start to harden and freeze allowing you to walk around without creating sinkholes.
Bring a sleeping bag that is rated 10°F or more below the coldest temperatures you will encounter. Warmer is always better. You will also want to bring a good sleeping pad to insulate your body from the snow. Sleeping pads are rated with R-values from 1.0 - 8.0. The higher the R-value the better. Winter sleeping pads usually have an R-value higher than 4.0. We pack an inexpensive closed cell foam pad and an inflatable sleeping pad, then double them up for maximum insulation and comfort.
Pro Tip: For extra warmth, invest in a sleeping bag liner. A good liner can add up to 15°F of warmth to your sleeping bag.
Boiling water or snow is the best way to purify drinking water in the winter. Freezing temperatures will crack your mechanical backpacking filter, rendering it useless. The cold also slows chemical water treatments and reduces their effectiveness. Don't just melt the snow, be sure to boil it for at least 1 minute (if you are above 2,000 ft boil for at least 3 minutes) before drinking.
In the cold, your body will burn more calories to stay warm. One easy trick to add calories is to add a few tablespoons of butter to your warm meals. This works great with Oatmeal at breakfast or Dehydrated meals at dinner.
Pro Tip: For vegan adventurers substitute coconut oil.
Carefully hanging a candle lantern from the ceiling of your tent will add warmth and reduce condensation. Be sure that the candle is far enough away from the ceiling to prevent the risk of fire. You can find specially designed tent lanterns at your favorite outdoor store. Just be sure to read and follow the safety precautions listed on the packaging!
You're tucked snuggly into your warm sleeping bag, it's 3 am and nature is calling, the last thing you want to do is gear up and leave the tent to pee. Pee Bottle to the Rescue! Just be sure it is clearly marked, and preferably a different style bottle from your water bottle. The only thing worse than having to brave the cold to pee is accidentally drinking from your pee bottle!
Pro Tip: Using a pee bottle is a little more tricky for female campers, but there are a variety of specialty products available to address this.
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